Leprosy is one of the most ancient illnesses afflicting humanity. It is called Hansen’s disease as well, termed after Norwegian physician, Gerhard Henrik Armauer Hansen, who disproved the existing belief at that time about leprosy being a genetic disease. He revealed that the ailment had a bacterial source. Since the beginning of mankind, leprosy sufferers have been marked out and excluded from the unaffected population. The purpose of World Leprosy Day is to alter this perception and spread awareness about prevention and the possible treatment available nowadays.
The date for World Leprosy Day was selected to match with the death anniversary of Indian independence activist, Mahatma Gandhi. Throughout his life, Mahatma Gandhi worked untiringly for the improvement of people suffering from leprosy. World Leprosy Day emphasizes on the goal of eliminating leprosy-related disabilities in children. Disabilities do not happen suddenly, but occur as a consequence of protracted period of undetected sickness.
We strongly support the efforts made by researchers worldwide to eradicate this disease from the face of earth.
Click here to find related Journal: The Open Dermatology Journal
Journal: The Open Public Health Journal
Author(s): Saima Tasneem, Ayse Seyer. Cagatan, Mehmet Zeki. Avci, Ahmet Celal. Basustaoglu
An effectively working health system is not possible without a satisfied workforce. Each year many dis-satisfied professionals either quit their profession or leave jobs in search of better opportunities. This is why the subject of job satisfaction has gained attention in the public health care sector and human resources in Pakistan in the recent past. This particular study was done to assess the job satisfaction of healthcare employees in the public tertiary hospital to identify the various underlying factors.
The data was collected using Job Satisfaction Survey (JSS) questionnaire & analyzed using SPSS18.
Results and Discussion:
The results of the study showed that majority of the employees were satisfied with their supervisors, nature of job and colleagues but showed dissatisfaction for the rest of the factors like salaries, benefits, communication and conditions at work.
If we want to improve the quality of health services that are provided to the consumers of health system i.e. patients then we cannot ignore the significance of satisfied health workforce.
To access this article, please visit: https://benthamopen.com/ABSTRACT/TOPHJ-11-17
Journal: The Open Nursing Journal
Author(s): Marie Truglio-Londrigan, Jason T. Slyer
Shared decision-making has received national and international interest by providers, educators, researchers, and policy makers. The literature on shared decision-making is extensive, dealing with the individual components of shared decision-making rather than a comprehensive process. This view of shared decision-making leaves healthcare providers to wonder how to integrate shared decision-making into practice.
To understand shared decision-making as a comprehensive process from the perspective of the patient and provider in all healthcare settings.
An integrative review was conducted applying a systematic approach involving a literature search, data evaluation, and data analysis. The search included articles from PubMed, CINAHL, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and PsycINFO from 1970 through 2016. Articles included quantitative experimental and non-experimental designs, qualitative, and theoretical articles about shared decision-making between all healthcare providers and patients in all healthcare settings.
Fifty-two papers were included in this integrative review. Three categories emerged from the synthesis: (a) communication/ relationship building; (b) working towards a shared decision; and (c) action for shared decision-making. Each major theme contained sub-themes represented in the proposed visual representation for shared decision-making.
A comprehensive understanding of shared decision-making between the nurse and the patient was identified. A visual representation offers a guide that depicts shared decision-making as a process taking place during a healthcare encounter with implications for the continuation of shared decisions over time offering patients an opportunity to return to the nurse for reconsiderations of past shared decisions.
To access this article, please visit: https://benthamopen.com/ABSTRACT/TONURSJ-12-1
Relation between the Moon and the Tide
Tides denote the constant surge and drop in the ocean level as compared to dry land, caused by the gravitational pull of the moon and the sun.
Tides are caused by the gravitational attraction between the Earth and the moon. The moon attempts to tug at everything on the Earth. However, the Earth holds on to everything with a relatively greater pull. Because the water in the oceans is fluid, the moon can draw it to itself owing to the weaker gravitational pull of the Earth on it. Two high tide waves and two low tide waves occur every day. The sea is continuously alternating between high tide and low tide, and then it returns to high tide. The average time interval between the two high waves is about 12 hours and 25 minutes.
Different Kinds of Tides
Extremely high and extremely low tides, called spring tides, are caused by extraordinarily strong gravitational forces resulting from the alignment of the sun and the moon with the earth. These waves occur at the time of a full or new moon. For the duration of the moon’s quarter phases, the sun and moon are at right angles to each other and their gravitational forces are cancelled out by each other. Such tides are named neap tides.
The proxigean spring tide is an unusual, extraordinarily high tide. This very tall wave arises when the moon is both extraordinarily near the Earth (at its closest perigee, named the proxigee) and in the New Moon stage (while the Moon is in the middle of the Sun and the Earth). The proxigean spring tide happens once at maximum in 1.5 years.
Bentham Open publishes research articles about the science of water tides in a multidisciplinary context. Refer to the following journals for related content.
Usually people consider themselves overweight or obese by comparing themselves with those around them which is not correct as a healthy weight is not the same for each individual. It is influenced by a variety of elements, comprising of age, gender, body sort, bone thickness, muscle-to-fat ratio, total health form, as well as height. Additionally, a healthy weight may vary from region to region and country to country.
Body mass index
Body mass index (BMI) was designed by a Belgian mathematician, Adolphe Quetelet, who was born in 1796.
It is calculated as a result of a person’s weight in kilograms divided by the square of their height in meters. It has taken as a valuable standard for estimating a healthy mass and for doing analyses of populations.
To compute an individual’s BMI, they have to be aware of their weight and height.
As per the World Health Organization (WHO), BMI can be categorized as follows:
- 9 and below is very thin
- 5 is skinny
- 5 to 24.9 is standard fit weight
- 25 to 29.9 is bulky
- 30 to 39.9 is very heavy
- 40 and beyond is abnormally obese.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) observe that BMI can be handy as a screening measure, however it does not detect the body heaviness or wellbeing of an individual
Healthy Weight Week signifies the importance of balance diet and healthy lifestyle. Being healthy does not mean losing weight and going on a diet. It means pursuing livable and sustainable healthy lifestyle through eating well, living actively and feeling good.
Bentham Open publishes important research publications that promote this idea.
Click here to find related Journal: The Open Nutrition Journal