Author(s): Sergio Machado, Alberto Souza de Sá Filho, Matheus Wilbert, Gabriela Barbieri, Victor Almeida, Alexandre Gurgel, Charles V. Rosa, Victor Lins, Alexandre Paixão, Kamila Santana, Gabriel Ramos, Geraldo Maranhão Neto, Flávia Paes, Nuno Rocha, Eric Murillo-Rodriguez
Mental health decline is one of the main responsible factors for augments in health care costs, and diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Some studies stated physical exercise is useful for reduction in cognitive decline and AD. Moreover, a recent review argued that evidence are scarce due to few studies published and lack of configuration information of exercise protocol, such as intensity and duration of exercise, number of sessions and other relevant data, to allow appropriate assessment.
Materials and Methods:
Here, we discussed the possible confounders or factors responsible for these differences and possible neurophysiological mechanisms.
Most studies revealed a possible positive association between physical exercise and cognitive assessments. There are inconsistencies in studies design responsible for varying use of cognitive assessments and different assessments of fitness. However, these studies do not fail to provide evidence about the benefits of exercise, but fail to make it possible because of the lack of dose-response information in AD patients. Physical exercise of moderate intensity should be considered as standard recommendation to reduce cognitive decline, probably due to the improvement in neurodegenerative mechanisms, and the increase in neuroplastic and neuroprotective neurotrophic factors.
Therefore, it is suggested that physical exercise is an important neuroprotective modulator, bringing significant control of the disease and amplifying brain functions.